Chapter 6
Basics of Construction

Regulation of Construction--building codes

*   Building codes establish community standards for the quality of construction

*   The purpose of building codes is to protect the public from lower quality construction which might pose a threat to public safety.

*   Examples:

*   elevated porch decking

*   insulation

*   wiring codes

The Construction Process--basic steps

*   Planning, engineering, contracting

*   Site preparation--clearing, excavation

*   Foundation preparation

*   Exterior wall construction

*   Masonry

*   Frame

*   Roof

*   Interior walls and finish

*   Mechanical systems

Clearing and Excavation

*   Site Planning

*   Drainage

*   Vegetation

*   Construction material and equipment placement

*   Grading

*   Foundation Preparation

*   Depth (below frost line)

*   Water pumping

*   Lateral Support Obligations

Footers and Foundations

*   Basement Foundations

*   Crawl Space Foundations

*   Slab-on-Grade Foundations

*   Floating slabs

Foundation Details

Framing

*   Stud selection--2X4 vs 2X6

*   Platform construction

*   Balloon construction

*   Post-and-beam construction

Platform Construction

Balloon Construction

Masonry construction

*   Concrete Block

*   Brick

Brick Patterns

Floor Construction

*   Pre-cast

*   Joists

Floor Construction Details

Interior Wall Construction

*   Drywall

*   Plaster

*   Paneling

Roof construction

*   Joist and rafter

*   Truss systems

*   Sloped Roof Joist

Roofing Systems