Chapter 4: Legal Descriptions

Types of Legal Descriptions

*   Informal Reference

*   Monuments

*   Metes and Bounds

*   Lot and Block Numbers

*   Government Survey

Informal Reference

*   Name--"The Smith Farm"

*   Address--1600 Pennsylvania Ave., Washington, D.C.

Monuments

Metes and Bounds

FUses engineering survey

F           Most accurate

F“Beginning at market 3589.789 of Clarion Township, Clarion County, Pennsylvania, proceeding 596.72’ 189 degrees 19 minutes to the point of beginning.  Thence proceeding 150’ 272 degrees 32
minutes, thence . . . “

Government Survey

*   Created to provide a uniform method of surveying surplus property gained by the United States upon gaining independence from Great Britain.

*   Not used in original 13 colonies or Texas

*   Created under the Northwest ordinance

*   Provided Rectangular Government Survey System

*   Set aside land for public education

*   Provided for taxation of land to support public education

Range (Base) Lines and Township or Tier lines

 

Special Numbers to Remember

*   One section of land contains 640 acres

*   One acre of land contains 43,560 sq. ft.

*   Rod

*   Chain

*   Link

*   Circle

*   360 degrees

*   60 minutes = 1 degree

*   60 seconds = 1 minute

 

Surveys--Encroachments

 

Components of a Survey

*   Survey

*   Survey sketch

*   Spot survey

*   Elevation

*   Datum

*   Benchmarks